The Asian manufacturing industry is highly diversified, comprising of several establishments engaged in manufacturing of pottery, ceramics, clay pieces, paintings, sculptures, metal craft, antique furniture, antique jewelry, gems and stones, textiles, paper craft, toys, leather based products. These industries provide additional employment and raise the level of living for both rural and urban populations. The global handicrafts industry accounts for a market share of 100 billion. This industry plays a dominant role in the economic development of the rural mass of every country and earns substantial foreign exchange.
is an art of making different kind of objects such as earthenware, porcelain, tiles, cookware, dinnerware etc with the help of fired clay. The leading Asian countries that produce ceramics based articles are India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China, Iran, and UAE.
Glass crafts :
includes assorted range of crafts such as glass blowing, glass bead making, stained glass paintings, hand painted glassware, glass pearls etc. The principal Asian nations producing glass crafts are India, China, Iran, Iraq and Lebanon.
includes assorted range of crafts such as glass blowing, glass bead
making, stained glass paintings, hand painted glassware, glass pearls
etc. The principal Asian nations producing glass crafts are India,
China, Iran, Iraq and Lebanon.
consists of plethora of craft techniques like Lace making, MacramÃ©,
Spinning, Tatting, traditional rug hooking, weaving, carpet making etc.
China, India, Bhutan, Pakistan, Nepal, Thailand etc are the prominent
producers of Fibre based objects.
comprises of wide range of activities such as leather carving, leather
painting, leather-stamping etc. The dominant Asian countries that are
engaged in manufacturing of leather based goods are China, Korea,
Thailand, India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
covers broad range of techniques such as woodcarving, woodworking, wood
burning etc. Woodcraft refers to the skill in carving or fashioning
objects from wood. Thailand is the chief producer of Lacquer ware, which
is made of woven bamboo or wood and coated with lacquer along with
exquisite designs. Both China and Nepal are famous for their exquisite
architecture made up of carved wooden struts. Sri Lanka is known for its
wooden polychrome masks while India is famous for its wide range of
woodcraft items carved wooden furniture, carved wooden memorials, masks,
wooden toys etc.
is an art or skill of manufacturing objects by combining together
pieces of rough natural stones. China is well known for its wide variety
of stone-carved miniature artifacts and jewelry made up usually of rare
stones such as Shoushan stone and Tianhuang stone. Japan is a renowned
producer of Satsuma stoneware. Thailand is the leading producer of
high-grade gemstones and jewelry in the world.
contains diverse range of objects such as metal jewelry, metal
utensils, silver ware, brassware, metal statues etc. The chief metal
based objects producing countries include India, Bhutan, Pakistan, Nepal
and Sri Lanka.
Boasts of 25.3 million non-primary private enterprises, out of which
99.8% are craft and small and medium-sized enterprises. Craft-trades
play a significant role in most of the European countries The Crafts and
small businesses employ more than 66% of Europe's workforce i.e. around
98 million people. The turnover of craft industry ranges from 25% to
55%. In Europe, small enterprises and craft businesses are a prominent
source of jobs and a breeding ground for business ideas.
includes assorted range of objects such as earthenware, porcelain, clay
tiles, bricks, cookware, dinnerware etc made with the help of fired
clay. The leading European countries that produce ceramics based
articles are Germany, United Kingdom, Italy and France.
Among the European countries, Italy, Turkey, France, Russia, Romania,
Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Croatia, Slovenia
are the producers of leather and leather products.
emerged as one of the decorative crafts in Europe in the middle ages.
Beadwork is a skilful and often delicate art that is becoming
increasingly well known in the world. United Kingdom is the leading
producer of glass beads and jewelry in the whole of Europe.
includes wide range of techniques such as applique, crewel embroidery,
crochet, cross stitch, knitting, patchwork, quilting etc. England,
Germany, Sweden, Russia and Spain are the chief producers of different
type of laces such as needle worked lace, bobbin lace in the Europe. The
leading countries producing antique tapestries are Germany, France,
Belgium and Italy.
comprises of diverse range of ornamental adornments made up of
different types of metals, gemstones, stones etc. Spain, France, Italy
and Germany are the top four jewelry manufacturing countries in Europe.
sector comprises of home wares, toys and games, card wrapping, small
leather goods, jewelry, accessories, silverware etc. The United Kingdom
giftware industry is worth over $ 21 billion in the whole of Europe.
Other giftware producing countries in Europe are Italy, France, Germany,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland etc.
Ceramics and pottery is considered to be one of the oldest trade
commodities of Africa. The African Crafts industry is considered to be
one of the well-managed and organized sectors employing a major chunk of
human population in various establishments. The craft industry of Africa
is contributing significantly to the countryâs
national economic growth. It also assists in uplifting the
social-economic status of the impoverished communities such as the
squatter dwellers, urban poor, small farmer who are striving very hard
to be self reliant despite the bitter realities of their daily lives.
Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria and Morocco are the leading producers of
leather and leather products in whole of the Africa.
Ceramics and pottery is considered to be one of the oldest trade
commodities of Africa. It includes diverse range of products such as
white wares, refractories, structural clay products, glasses, vessels,
pottery, sculptures etc. The chief producers of ceramics based products
are Morocco, Cameroon, Liberia, Gauteng, Eastern Cape, Kwa Zulu-Natal
and Western Cape.
Africa is known for its hand carved wooden sculptures and carvings made
on traditional themes. Woodcarving of Kenya occupies a prominent
position by contributing an estimated income of over US$ 10 million per
year, of which a considerable part are export earnings. The wooden
handicrafts industry of South Africa is worth more the USD 40,000 per
annum and is still growing significantly with organized marketing
Benin, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Egypt, Ghana, Sudan, Mauritania, Congo,
Gabon, Senegal, Kenya, Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Cameroon, Ethiopia, and
the Ivory Coast are all known for manufacturing different types of masks
such as Bakota, teke masks, kwele masks, tikar, kuba etc.
Musical instruments constitute a dominant role in the cultural life of
Africans. The sub-Saharan musical instruments include rattles, bells,
stamping tubes, thumb piano and the xylophone. Drums are amongst the
most popular African musical instruments along with the percussion
instruments and the African stringed instruments.
Australia and New Zealand's craft industry comprises
of several cottage industries specializing in niche products. The key
products exported by theses countries include ceramic arts and crafts,
jade jewelry, decorative hand blown glass, abalone jewelry, paper
crafts, home wares such as bed linen and place mats, wooden toys and
games made from native timbers, and natural cosmetics.
The Australian government spends about $6.3 million per annum for
contemporary visual arts & crafts sector. Australiaâs
arts and cultural industry has seen an enormous growth over the past few
years. The total export in the music, publishing, indigenous art and
decorative arts was $300 million (2006).
Australia produces ceramic glasses, pottery, porcelain homewares, fired
bricks/blocks, ceramic dinnerware, ceramic-framed mirrors etc.
The Australian Diamond and Gemstone Mining Industry is highly
diversified with exports accounting for 90 per cent of revenue valued at
A$684 million in 2005-06. Australia is one of the worldâs
leading producers of white South Sea pearls, diamonds, opals and
This industry comprises of homewares, wooden toys and games made from
native timbers, natural cosmetics etc. New Zealand exports giftware
items to Australia, USA, United Kingdom, Japan and Germany.
American craft market is one of the largest and most important markets
for craft in the world. The American craft industry is very large as
compared to the domestic Canadian market. The art & craft industry
in United States accounts for about US$13.8 billion. More than 127000
people are currently employed in the American art and craft sector.
The craft industry of Canada is highly diversified sector, comprising
of individual craft persons, studios, enterprises, media guilds, public
and private galleries, retail and wholesale shows, and industrial
organizations. It accounts for over $100 million exports and employs
about 22,597 persons in the various establishments.
refers to artwork prepared with the help of clay bodies and then fired
into the hardened ceramic form. America produces brick, sewer pipe,
roofing tile, clay floor and walls tiles, flue linings, dinnerware,
sanitary ware, electrical porcelain, decorative ceramics, Flat glass,
glass fibers etc.
It involves wide range of activities such as glass bead making, glass
blowing, glass fusing etc. Canada is well known for manufacturing strong
Native American silver jewelry occupies a dominant position in the
American craft industry. The principal silver jewelry manufacturing
countries are Arizona, New Mexico, Utah and Colorado.
The contemporary American beadwork can usually be visible on handbags,
pouches, clothing, moccasins, etc. Arizona, Montana and Dakotas are all
famous for producing bead-based objects.